Epilepsy is a seizure disorder that interrupts the brain’s normal electrical activity. Generally, symptoms include uncontrollable movements of the body, disorientation and loss of consciousness. Epilepsy can be a result of head injury, stroke, brain tumour, family history and infections (like meningitis and encephalitis).

You should know that there are two types of seizure depending on the part of the brain that is affected and the severity. The first type is partial seizures with three classifications and the second type is known as generalized seizure. If you want to know the difference of the two types and its treatments, here’s an overview:

Partial seizures

Partial seizure is often experienced by adults. There are three classifications- simple partial, complex partial and absence seizures. In simple partial, you can experience strange sensations like unmanageable jumpy motions of a body part, minor hearing impairment, unexpected reddening and nausea. Complex partial (also called temporal lobe epilepsy) will last for one to two minutes. Absence seizure is characterized by sudden loss of consciousness, upward staring of the eyes, swaying pace and jerking of facial muscles.

Generalized Seizure

Generalized seizure affects the whole brain. It is often called convulsion. This seizure is characterized by reddening of the face, nausea, vomiting, breathing will stop, involuntary screaming, loss of consciousness, involuntary muscle contraction and many more.

Treatments

Unfortunately there is no cure for epilepsy but symptoms can be treated by using medications, surgery and special diets. Medications are common treatment because it can effectively prevent the frequency of seizures. There are anticonvulsants and antiepileptic drugs that you can take. But before anything else, make sure your doctor approved it. You should take care of your health by getting plenty of sleep and regular exercise.

If the attacks happen, you should protect the person and remove sharp and hard objects and provide a pillow. Remember not to restrain the person or gag the mouth. If it lasts for a couple of minutes, it is time to call for help.